Critical Multicultural Citizenship Education among Black Immigrant Youth: Factors and Challenges

Alex Kumi-Yeboah, Patriann Smith


This study uses qualitative interviews with 18 participants across five states to examine the factors that promote enhancement of critical multicultural education for Black immigrant youth. Findings suggest that class discussion, influence of social media and technology, non-educational practices, and cultural and language differences are the leading factors that promote the advancement of critical multicultural citizenship education for participants. Participants utilized these factors to navigate the democratic education and the role of transnational identification. Findings support the need for teachers and educators to understand the cultures and best practices for teaching immigrant youth. 


Black immigrant youth, social media, critical citizenship, transnational, inquiry-based learning

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