RTI for Students Presenting with Behavioral Difficulties:Culturally Responsive Guiding Questions

Kathleen Abou-Rjaily, Susan Stoddard


Response to Intervention (RTI) is a tiered intervention that assists school personnel in determining eligibility for special education services. Studies support the use of RTI as an early intervention for addressing significant learning disabilities (SLD) and social emotional behaviors, as well as for students who are culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) and not making progress through general interventions. However, recommendations for implementation are not explicitly provided, especially for culturally responsive implementation.  While proposed as a model for students with challenging behaviors, there is an absence of culturally responsive methods to support CLD students. This article will discuss the use of culturally responsive guiding questions in an RTI framework.


Response to Intervention; behavior; behavior disordered; culturally responsive; guiding questions

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18251/ijme.v19i3.1227

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