Toward a Theory of Micro-kindness: Developing Positive Actions in Multicultural Education (pp. 2-14)

Judson Laughter


This conceptual article seeks to build on empirical research on microaggressions by introducing a corollary strand of inquiry: micro-kindnesses.  A definition and examples of microaggressions are synthesized from a review of psychological and educational research; a particular limitation of this research is then discussed.  A definition of micro-kindness is offered and supported by a list of actions to provide multicultural educators examples of micro-kindness in practice, which might inspire inclusion of micro-kindness in course curricula or as a subject of inquiry.  


microaggressions; micro-kindnesses; multicultural education; race; diversity

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